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A View of the World Trade Center Site from the Hudson River.
Lower Manhattan's revitalization includes a transportation system that will need to accommodate a range of changes brought about by September 11, 2001, such as the creation of a memorial that will attract at least 5 million visitors a year, the transformation of the World Trade Center site, and the broader revitalization of Lower Manhattan into a community bustling with new cultural institutions and public spaces. Substantial upgrades to the area's rail, bus, ferry and street systems are key to retaining and growing Lower Manhattan's commercial base, improving visitor experiences, and raising the quality of life for residents and workers.
New Tunnel Alternative Identified in Feasibility Study
In 2004, a feasibility study recommended a direct rail link from Jamaica to Lower Manhattan via the existing Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) Atlantic Branch and a new tunnel underneath the East River, with an intermediate stop in Downtown Brooklyn. The study recommended new train service from Jamaica to Lower Manhattan (leaving every six minutes during the peak periods) and a one-seat train ride from John F. Kennedy International Airport to Lower Manhattan.
In 2005, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and NYC Economic Development Corporation initiated the Lower Manhattan-Jamaica/JFK Airport Transportation Project, the next step in the effort to rebuild Lower Manhattan’s transportation system. This project will ensure that the required environmental review is undertaken before construction begins.
Overall Transportation Priorities
In April 2003, a set of priority projects to restore Lower Manhattan's transportation infrastructure and lay the foundation for the area's future growth was announced. A blueprint prepared by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, in collaboration with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the Metropolitan Transportation Agency, the New York State Department of Transportation, the City of New York and other partner agencies, outlined strategies for creating a 21st century integrated system.
The blueprint, Lower Manhattan Transportation Strategies, addressed the steps needed to create a world-class regional and airport access system linking Lower Manhattan to Long Island and all three of the area's major airports, and revitalize downtown's antiquated and damaged transportation network.